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このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10441/15047

タイトル: Under Political Uncertainties:Organisational Changes in the Imperial Continental Gas Association, 1824–1987
その他のタイトル: Under Political Uncertainties:Organisational Changes in the Imperial Continental Gas Association, 1824–1987
著者: Izawa, Ryo
井澤, 龍
イザワ, リョウ
キーワード: Political risk
Political capabilities
Business history
International business
International taxation
Public utility company
発行日: 2017年5月
出版者: Center for Risk Research (CRR), Shiga University
引用: CRR Discussion Paper, Series A, No. A-24, pp. 1-17
抄録: This study followed the brief history of a British multinational utility enterprise, Imperial Continental Gas Association (ICGA). The company passed through successive waves of technological and political shocks throughout its life. In particular, political issues such as municipalisation, wars, international taxation and nationalisation had a critical impact on its corporate behaviours. Some political events, such as compulsory liquidation by the German occupation government during the First World War, forced the company to divest its works. The fear of deprivatisation and international double taxation prompted the company to decentralise its corporate structure, whereby ICGA gradually shifted from a company with over-centralism to a pure holding company during the first half of the 20th century. Eventually, the political capabilities nurtured by these experiences contributed to the survival of ICGA for 164 years.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10441/15047
出現コレクション:Series A : General( formerly : International Risk Study )

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